David Myers Social Psychology 11th Edition Pdf – BEST
David Myers Social Psychology 11th Edition Pdf –
study of memory includes development of experimental methodology that allows researchers to measure aspects of memory, and which has led to a better understanding of how memory works.
memory is only an imperfect representation of the past. memory has been called a fundamentally faulty process. in everyday talk we often describe people as being slick or squeaky rather than accurate memories. people often overgeneralize the specific ways in which they remember, and later apply those generalizations to new situations, leading to seemingly irrational beliefs.
memory is an active process that occurs only when retrieval cues are present. memory is also subject to interference.
memory has three components, each more accurately represented by its component. recognition requires the retention of a mental representation of a past event.
spontaneous memory can occur without any prior training.
recovered memory refers to memory that has been discovered only after it has been forgotten. people may remember unusual or significant events that have long since been forgotten. factors that increase the likelihood of remembering include confidence in the accuracy of the memory, saliency of the event to the person, the availability of cues for a specific date, and the strength of a person’s belief in the accuracy of the memory.
false memory is a
cognitive compromise c of the sort that is so common among eyewitnesses.
the second panel discussion focused on the role of social psychology in preparing future faculty. professor bill frederickson from the university of central oklahoma presented the results of a survey of job applicants for which he served as a reference. when the applicants received feedback on a job questionnaire, it was used to compare the performance of successful and unsuccessful applicants. the researchers found that the results of the reference checks significantly predicted the success of the applicant.
the director of the preparing future faculty program at oklahoma state university invited david myers, the editor of the new social psychology text he is writing, to present his work and to thank him for his endorsement of the pff program.
david myers discussed the new textbook and the way in which the content is organized. he noted that the textbook has had a challenging gestation. it was written very quickly, and so the organization of the content is not very good.
self-sacrifice may involve altruism, which leads to helping and giving of one self, but it can also involve a sense of self-denial in the face of shameful or threatening, punitive consequences. self-denial may involve not responding to requests or going against ones better judgment (e.g. not fighting to save someone who is drowning).
values are standards of right and wrong, good and evil, that are independent of conformity, and are held by people in many different cultures. not all values are equally important. in some cultures, honor and respect for elders are fundamental; in others, money, entertainment, or wealth are valued most. values are important predictors of what people will choose to buy and what they will value.
gossip, especially within families and circles of friends, is often considered desirable. peers usually criticize other people, but gossip most often attacks character. gossip is usually considered to be negative, but occasionally it can also be positive.
people can also use alternative modalities. the voice may be the most familiar of the body s modes of information exchange, but other non-verbal means such as hand gestures and facial expressions are used as well.