Dar es Salaam is located at 6°48' South, 39°17' East (-6.8000, 39.2833). The city is situated on a natural harbour on the
eastern coast of Africa, with sandy beaches in some areas. Administratively, the Dar es Salaam region is divided into
five boroughs or administrative districts; northern Kinondoni, central Ilala, Ubungo, southern Temeke, and Kigamboni.
Located on a natural harbour on the Indian Ocean, it is the hub of the Tanzanian transportation system as all of the
country's main railways and several of its highways originate in or near the city. Dar es Salaam has had, in the past
few years, a major construction boom. The Benjamin William Mkapa Pension Tower with more than 21 stories is the tallest
building in the city and the country. Dar es Salaam has major infrastructural problems, including an outdated transport
system and occasional power rationing.
Dar es Salaam has heavy traffic during the daytime, but after sunset the area is relatively quiet as much of the city's
nightlife is located in more residential districts away from the city's mainly commercial centre. The sprawling suburbs
furthest from the city centre are generally populated by Tanzanians of African descent, with the exception of Oyster Bay,
where there is a large population of foreign expatriates. The edges of Dar es Salaam are spreading rapidly, severely taxing
the transportation network (which aside from ferries, lacks any kind of mass transit facilities) and raising the prospect
of future urban overcrowding.
Due in part to the growth of the expatriate community and the increasing importance of tourism, the number of international
restaurants has risen very rapidly over recent years. The city now offers a rich and internationalized diversity of cuisine,
ranging from traditional Tanzanian Barbecue style options such as Nyama Choma (Roasted meatserved with rice or ugali) and
Mishkaki (Shish kebabusually barbecued and served with salt, hot peppers, chapati, fries, and rice on the side), and the
long-established traditional Indian and Zanzibari cuisine, to options from all corners of the globe including Chinese,
Thai, Turkish, Italian, and Japanese food. People who prefer neither fast food nor traditional restaurants buy their food
from street vendors, who usually sell food at low prices. Samosas are common street food items within the city.
The Julius Nyerere International Airport is the principal airport serving the country. Tanzania Railways operates the
Central Line from Dar es Salaam to Kigoma. The TAZARA Railway connects Dar es Salaam to the neighbouring country of Zambia.
Most intracity transport is by the dala dala (minibus) or Dar es Salaam commuter rail.
The bus rapid transit system Phase 1 is operated by the Dar Rapid Transit Agency, a government-private sector entity,
and began operation on 10 May 2016. It is branded as UDA-RT (Usafiri Dar-Es-Salaam Rapid Transit). The first section
runs between Kimara in the northwest to Kivukoni on the northern headland of the harbour. Phase 1 was funded by the
World Bank, African Development Bank and the Tanzanian government.
All buses except Scandinavian Express depart from and arrive at the main bus station at Ubungo, about 8km west of town on
Morogoro Rd. Its a sprawling place with the usual bus-station hustle, so keep an eye on your luggage and your wallet, and
try to avoid arriving at night. Daladalas to Ubungo (TSh200) leave from New Posta and Old Posta local transport stands.
Taxis from the city centre cost TSh8000 to TSh10, 000. For departures, book tickets at the bus-line offices (listed
following) and only buy tickets inside the bus office itself.