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Geographical location

General information

Despite its proximity to the equator, Arusha's elevation of 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) on the southern slopes of Mount Meru keeps temperatures relatively low and alleviates humidity. Cool dry air is prevalent for much of the year. The temperature ranges between 13 and 30 degrees Celsius with an average around 25 degrees. It has distinct wet and dry seasons, and experiences an eastern prevailing wind from the Indian Ocean, a couple of hundred miles east.

Among Arusha's notable districts are the Central Business Area, located by the Clocktower, Sekei in the North-West which is largely residential with a vibrant nightlife, Njiro, a middle-class rapidly-growing suburb in the South, and Tengeru, a lively market-town in the East. North of Arusha are districts called Karatu, Ngorongoro, Monduli, Arumeru and Longido, about 90 minutes north of Arusha by daladala along the Arusha-Nairobi Road. Robanda Safari Camp is one of the favorite Safari Camps, located just outside Serengeti Ikoma Gate. This location was carefully chosen so as to be right in the path of the wildebeest migration. The best time to witness this spectacular migration is from May to August and from October to December. There is a high animal concentration year round though, with big herds of wildebeest and zebra, elephant and giraffe. Other animal species include lion, hyena, gazelle, topi, and buffalo.


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Arusha has moderate weather, a location near scenic countryside and a lively music scene. Tanzanian hip-hop is popular with the youth market. It is mostly performed in Swahili, with genres influenced by African American music, locally known as African Hip Hop. Some examples of this genre are the band X Plastaz, singers Nakaaya, Nako 2 Nako, Watengwa and Waturutumbi.

The city of Arusha hosts some of the largest Tanzanian festivals including the annual Nane Nane, an agricultural festival. Nane Nane is a vibrant public holiday held on August 8 (the 8th of the 8th month, nane nane means "eight eight" in Swahili). Farmers and other stakeholders come showcase products and nestwork. The Nane Nane festival attracts up to a half million people from around the world every year. The city also hosts a yearly festival sponsored by local philanthropists that bring artists from around the world. Artists like Shaggy and Ja Rule have performed in Arusha.

»»The city Arusha is also known for its vibrant night life, with popular local night clubs like the Velocity, Saba Saba, Colobus Club and the Blue Triple 'A' Club.
»»The city Hosts The National Natural History Museum. The museum contains three exhibits on early man, plants and animals of the region, and the history of the city.
»»There is a small museum adjacent to the Uhuru monument which displays information about the proceedings of the Arusha Declaration in 1967.


Coordination of Diverse

Arusha is mostly served by Kilimanjaro International Airport for international travellers, some 60 kilometres (37 mi) east, approximately halfway to Moshi. The airport provides international and domestic flights. Arusha Airport is in the west of the city and serves more than 87,000 passengers yearly. Travel by road can be done through privately run coaches (buses) to Nairobi, Dodoma and Dar Es Salaam, and other major cities in the nation.

Basing on land transport, the central bus station near the market is for buses to Dar es Salaam, Tanga, Nairobi, Mombasa and other points north and east. The Kilombero bus station, about 2km west of town along the Dodoma road, opposite Shoprite, has buses to Mwanza and other points west and south. Both, especially the central bus station, are chaotic and popular haunts for flycatchers (a local name for con artists that prey on gullible or newly arrived travellers looking for a cheap deal) and touts. Watch your luggage and don’t negotiate any safari deals at the stations.

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Particular Value
Zone Nothern Highlands
Capital Arusha
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Postal code 23000
Area code 027
Climate Subtropical highland variety (Cwb)